A Special Background Investigation (SBI) was the minimum investigative requirement for access to Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI) or for participation in certain other Special Access Required (SAR) and Extremely Sensitive Information programs. The SBI was an inquiry into the activities of an individual (who has been nominated for participation in a special program) which was designed to meet the investigative requirements of the Director of Central Intelligence Directive (DCID) 1/14, “Minimum Personnel Security Standards and Procedures Governing Eligibility for Access to Sensitive Compartmented Information,” 1 September 1983, DoD Instruction 5220.28, “Application of Special Eligibility and Clearance Requirements in the SIOP-ESI Program for Contractor Employees,” 8 March 1978, DoD Directive 5210.55, “Selection of DoD Military and Civilian Personnel and Contractor Employees for Assignment to Presidential Support Activities,” 6 July 1977, DoD 5200.2-R, or similar DoD issuances.
The SBI consists of all components of a traditional BI, plus specific additional investigative requirements. The period of investigation for SBIs covers the last 15 years of the SUBJECT’s life or from the date of the 18th birthday, whichever was the shorter period, provided that the period covers at least the last 2 full years (but does not precede the 16th birthday).
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